This is an important step in the study of different varieties of interdependence around the globe. Copyright © 2015 The Regents of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA 734-764-1817 CV | Scholar | Email, The overarching goal of my research is to understand how culture interfaces with biology to influence our thinking, feeling, and behavior. The undergraduate programs in psychology are the largest in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts. The observation suggests that people selectively use cultural resources, particularly cultural tasks, to weave their identity in an idiographic fashion. This study opens up a new direction of research to look at how culture may "go deep under the skin" to influence the structural and functional organization of the brain. Recognition of our efforts toward creating and maintaining an inclusive environment include: Suinn Achievement Awards. Here, we measured independent vs. interdependent self-construal and found that this moderated the ability to suppress emotions (as measured by the LPP) in East Asians but not European-Americans. Prior evidence shows that specific allelic variants of the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) sensitize carriers of these variants to cultural values and practices. Our earlier work found that Japanese show remarkably better health profiles compared to Americans, including lower levels of inflammation. The finding illustrates how everyday cultural practices related to eating and bathing can serve as a powerful influence on biological health. In contrast, this relationship was negligible among Japanese. Compared to non-carriers, carriers were more sensitive to reward signals in a gambling task. March 10, 2020; National Science Foundation has funded our project, “Globalizing Cultural Psychology: Varieties of Interdependence Across Four Regions of the World.” Stay tuned! Here we followed our earlier work (Na et al., 2010, PNAS) and showed that cultural syndromes of both social orientation (i.e., independent vs. interdependent) and cognitive style (i.e., analytic vs. holistic) are coherent at the collective level, but not at the individual level. We demonstrated that inducing relational orientation (a proxy of interdependence) increased sensitivity to norms. The findings address the important question of what coherence is at the levels of both culture and person. In late adulthood, as physical and cognitive capacities decline, this ideal becomes less attainable, creating a cultural mismatch that is potentially alienating. Health Attitudes & Influence Lab. The overall goal of the Psychology Department is to provide students with a broad background in the various levels of analysis and methodological approaches used in the study of behavior, particularly human behavior, and to prepare students for graduate study in a number of fields. Psych OUT at The University of Michigan was founded in 2016 by a group of graduate students who were interested in creating an inclusive space for queer graduate students in The Department of Psychology. The origin of the cultural variation may lie in cultural learning, as suggested by the moderation of the cultural difference by the DRD4 gene. The sense of interdependence that may be enhanced in these groups could have fostered a sense of complacency if people become looser in norm enforcement. We typically prefer information that is consistent with our current attitudes, beliefs, and behavior versus information that challenges what we currently think or … The Department of Psychology's Program in Social Psychology (2003) and the Program in Clinical Psychology (2005) each received the Suinn Achievement Award from the American Psychological Association (APA). The coherence at the cultural level goes like this, "individualists are non-holistic." The Golden Apple Award is one of the University's most prestigious teaching awards and the University's only student-chosen award for teaching excellence. Other LSA Scholarships Financial Aid and Scholarships (CGIS) International Center (External Funding) International Center (UM Funding) MCompass Funding Search Gilman International Scholarship Wallenberg International Summer Travel Award Mary Sue & Kenneth Coleman Global … It also sheds light on potential mechanisms for known cultural variations in the sensitivity toward norm violations. Our findings suggest that COVID-19 may spread faster in societies that facilitate broader social contact with others than those that don't. In this commentary, we first pointed out that U.S.-Japan comparison that was not examined in ML2 had been the singular focus of the original study by Miyamoto and Kitayama (2002). Moreover, healthy lifestyle mediates this relationship. Congeniality Biases. We find that countries that still maintain mandated BCG policies (e.g., China, Finland, and France) show significantly flatter growth curves, compared to those that had one only during the 20th century (e.g., Australia, Ecuador, and Spain) or those that never had one (e.g., Italy, Lebanon, and the U.S.). Our paper calls into question this accepted wisdom. Psych Dept Transfer Credit Guidelines LSA Transfer Information & Residency Policy. The curriculum in psychology is intended to enhance one's understanding of behavioral science and of oneself and others in terms of concepts developed by study. CV | Scholar | Email, My research is on investigating cultural influences on brain structures, as well as on brain functions underlying cognition and emotion. Handbook of Cultural Psychology: Second Edition . Additionally, I am interested in how genetics interacts with cultural dynamics at both behavioral and neural level. We further showed that cross-cultural variability in the magnitude of CB can be predicted by various factors, such as perceived persuasiveness of essays, which suggests the need to take these factors into consideration when comparing the magnitude of CB across cultures. In particular, I’m interested in how cultures influence people We propose that Western cultural contexts uphold a "youthful" ideal of active, positive independence. The joint effect of relational orientation and perceptions of tightness vs. looseness of cultural norms illuminates how the reaction to norm violations is automatic and dynamically modulated. Arabs represent a pan-ethnic, cultural group of 400M people in 22 countries, spanning from North Africa to Western Asia. A personality trait that is salubrious in one context may not be in another. Click here to read on news.umich.edu. Join. On the other hand, Asian cultural contexts prioritize adjusting to age-graded social roles, which may be more attainable throughout the lifespan. Globalizing Cultural Psychology. Spring 2016 – Winter 2018. Currently, I am investigating how rational reasoning on individual level can aggregate to biases on collective level. However, not all people may respond in the same way. Our website address is: https://graduation2020.psych.lsa.umich.edu/psych. What personal data we collect and why we collect it Comments. 2020. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS; Gearhardt, Corbin, & Brownell, 2009) is the first measure designed specifically to assess signs of addictive-like eating behavior. It is also consistent with the earlier evidence that cardiovascular risks increase for Asian Americans by their U.S. generation status. Please fill out the questions below to apply. The few empirical studies that exist are limited to explicit self-reports, which are subject to response biases, lack predictive validity, etc. The Department keeps a list of those who are interested in participating in research for pay. Specifically, I am interested in how culture influences the brain in social perception, perspective-taking, and moral reasoning. When visitors leave comments on the site we collect the data shown in the comments form, and also the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection. Importantly, this only occurred for individuals who perceive their social context to be tight. To pursue this overarching research agenda, I have examined (i) the psychological mechanisms linked to interdependence in cultures outside of East Asia, (ii) how deeply culture influences spontaneous self-referential thought, and (iii) cultural influences on norms and their impact on recent societal trends. Evidence linking obesity and substance use disorders continues to grow, which has led to increased interest in the role of an addictive process in problematic eating behavior. Moreover, it highlights the fact that within-person variability among different tasks can be an integral aspect of one's cultural orientation. Lab Director. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have devastating consequences around the globe, without a current solution. Psychologists call it “self talk” and say how we do it makes a big difference in both our mood and how we think about ourselves. The goal of research in our lab is to understand the neural architecture that underlies cognition, that is, the set of (relatively) fixed neural structures and processes that give rise to cognition. 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan, How personality develops from infancy to maturity and is expressed by behavior, How interpersonal factors affect human relationships in the home, on the job, and in the community. Major outbreaks are being reported after large social gatherings. We end with a plea for systematic cross-cultural research in social psychology that is based on due respect for diversity on many human dimensions. Britney Wardecker has accepted a position as an Assistant Professor the … Students can gain research training, experience in a wide variety of community settings, and tailor course selections to meet their long-term post-graduate goals. Ethan Kross is a Professor in the University of Michigan’s Psychology Department and Ross School of Business. Moreover, conscientiousness predicted a tendency to carry out social obligations faithfully. Prior work suggests that in the presence of threat people become more attune to norms. Welcome to the Health, Attitudes, and Influence Lab (HAILab) at the University of Michigan! He is the director of the Emotion & Self-Control Lab. These individualized profiles do have stability over time, the study finds. Kristi Chin has received a 3-year Doctoral Scholarship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) of Canada! In particular, a frowning expression increases LPP in response to negative stimuli, but decreases LPP in response to positive stimuli. Ours is the first evidence for a putative mechanism for the DRD4 x culture interaction effect in the endorsement of cultural values and the volume of specific cortical regions that supposedly support culturally sanctioned behaviors. What this means is that conscientious Japanese work so hard because of the sense of social duty that they become less healthy. The lab also uses computational modeling to develop and refine theories of the architectural mechanisms that underlie cognition. undergraduate psych events. In particular, our work highlights a critical need to acknowledge the role of culture in shaping the trajectory of life-span adult development. Therefore, virtually nothing is known about how Arab people may be characterized by more implicit psychological tendencies and compare with (independent) Westerners and (interdependent) East Asians. This latter tendency, in turn, predicted impaired biological health. However, among Japanese, there was no direct association between conscientiousness and biological health. The temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is a region of the brain that is involved uniquely in perspective-taking. Hence, we may be advised to start with a cardinal assumption that countries that are excluded from the mainstream psychology (referred to as “less WEIRD samples” in ML2) could be diverse on a variety of dimensions including ones that are fundamentally psychological. Here, we provided the first evidence for this hypothesis. It has been long theorized that culture and brain constitute each other. About. The Golden Apple Award is one of the University's most prestigious teaching awards and the University's only student-chosen award for teaching excellence. The current COVID-19 pandemic has impacted all countries across the globe, yet some countries have been affected more than some others. wellbeing) of this subjective experience. Email, My research interests revolve around the sense of self across time, namely autobiographical memory Financial Aid & Scholarships. Dr. Schreier was nominated by many students enrolled in her Introductory Psychology and Social Development courses. In recent years, our lab has focused on the following three research areas. We also present preliminary evidence that as a function of time the East Asians have stayed in the U.S., their brain becomes "Americanized" (i.e., increased OFC GM volume), but only if they are the carriers. You can call Wendy at 734.615.9465 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. COURSE CHARTS. • Researchers indicate a contact telephone number (with an answering machine or voice mail) and A Psychology degree, in conjunction with courses chosen from other disciplines, can prepare students for careers interacting with people of all ages and backgrounds in a wide range of fields. Health Attitudes & Influence Lab. Email. Participants enrolled in Psych 111, 112, 114, 115 cannot be an RA with access to Subject Pool. http://sitemaker.umich.edu/apsa/home Latino/a Student Psychological Association (LSPA) The Latino Student Psychological (LSPA) is a graduate student organization at the University of Michigan that strives to increase the recruitment and retention of Latino students in the fields of psychology. Previous work found negligible correlations among the tasks measuring social orientation and cognitive style in spite of reliable cultural differences in the same tasks. and future thinking, in-cultural contexts. Thus, our finding contributes to the growing evidence that culture is inscribed into the brain through reinforcement-based learning. cognitive reappraisal) and externally (e.g. Importantly, we induced relational tendencies with a previously validated subliminal priming procedure. substance use). Email, I am interested in the methods that people use to control their emotions, both internally (e.g. In this paper, we provide evidence that challenges the generalizability of this assumption by demonstrating that culture moderates the relationship between negative affect and biological stress responses, with a focus on the HPA-axis activity. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 2013) showed that people of East Asian descent demonstrated a greater ability to suppress their emotional arousal to an unpleasant stimulus than people of European-American descent. Notably, had the US been lower in relational mobility – as low as Japan, the COVID-related deaths would have been 8% (281) of the actual number reported at the end of the 30-day study period (3417). Getting Started; MVR Authorization Instructions; Requesting a Vehicle – Approved Drivers Only! By using a direct and well-validated electrophysiological signature of emotional arousal, our study thus provides the first evidence that facial actions may directly modulate cortical and subcortical emotional processing. Integrating historical and anthropological sources with an emerging socio-ecological perspective, we argue that Arabs show a self-assertive form of interdependence, which involves both a strong commitment to in-groups and strong self-assertion for the sake of protecting the in-group. email@example.com | Department of Psychology. The facial feedback hypothesis states that facial actions can causally influence emotional experience. This kind of conceptualization could explain both reliable cultural differences at the group level and negligible correlations at the individual level. firstname.lastname@example.org 4032 East Hall 734.936.1495 Psychology ; Biopsychology ; GFP Faculty Affiliate Department of Psychology To participate in Asian cultural conventions requires perspective-taking and thus entails active recruitment of TPJ. The two levels of coherence are distinct. Importantly, this effect was attenuated for people high in interdependent self-construal. Notably, our model predicts that if the United States mandated BCG vaccination, it would have only suffered 19% of its actual death toll by the end of March. Ethan Kross, Ph.D. Consistent with this theorizing, we found that after being primed with a threat (vs. control), people showed enhanced vigilance and detection of norm violations. This empirical effort is an important step forward! In this paper, we show that the gray matter (GM) volume of a few prefrontal regions, including the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), is greater among European Americans than among East Asian-born Asians. Edited by Dov Cohen and Shinobu Kitayama, this edition is now completely revised and over 90% new! Here, we explored several lifestyle variables that might be associated with lower levels of both interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein and found a significant effect for both Japanese style diet and regular practice of relaxing bathing. Methodologically, the study calls for novel ways to access measurement equivalence. It is widely assumed that recurrent daily experiences of negative affect are unhealthy. Our paper, however, presents the first evidence that culture can shape the morphometric property of the human brain. Polk, T.A. The finding that the TPJ is greater in volume for Asians than for European Americans suggests that there is a structural brain basis for a known cultural variation in the propensity toward perspective-taking, which is higher for Asians than for European Americans. Most of my work centers around a common psychological process: People hold lay beliefs about the world that guide their expectations for novel experiences; these belief-informed expectations in turn guide perceptions, emotions, motivations and behavior. PLEASE NOTE: If you experience trouble logging into SharePoint please try using either Internet Explorer or Safari as your internet broswer. email@example.com. Noohi F, Kinnaird C, De Dios YE, Kofman IS, Wood S, Bloomberg J, Mulavara A, Sienko KH, Polk TA, & Seidler RD (2020). In this paper, we show that the late positive potential (LPP), an electrocortical marker of emotional arousal in response to arousing stimuli, is modulated by one's facial expressions. Click here to read on news.umich.edu. New NSF funded project! Graduate Students. This research underscores the need for social distancing to “flatten the curve,” especially in countries that value social openness (such as the U.S., Spain, Brazil, Mexico, and Canada). narrate and relate to their past and future selves, and the various outcomes (e.g., psychological We explore how people can control their emotions to improve our understanding of how self-control works and to discover ways of enhancing self-control in daily life. DR. POLK WAS NAMED THE SAMUEL D. EPSTEIN COLLEGIATE PROFESSOR OF PSYCHOLOGY for his work as an inspiring teacher, outstanding researcher and selfless administrator. Psych 306 – GL Application; Other Service-Learning Opportunities; Transportation. Behavioral ratings yield consistent results, such that stimuli were rated less pleasant when frowning compared to when smiling. Is conscientiousness (a personality trait composed of diligence, dutifulness, and organization) healthy? As the global population ages, it becomes increasingly important to understand the psychological experiences of older age. Check out the labs of other U-M faculty in the Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience … We review evidence in support of this theoretical model of culture and aging. Our students represent almost 20% of LSA graduates. This is the first demonstration that interdependent self-construal is critical for the efficacy of suppression as an emotional regulation technique for East Asians, but not for European-Americans. This shows how both tightness and interdependence dynamically interact to increase sensitivity to norms. Our findings offer implications for the conditions in which norm-violating behaviors are monitored and the pertinent cultural norms enforced. Compared to their low RM counterparts, we find that countries high in RM compared have steeper growth rates of COVID-19 confirmed cases and deaths. Cummings, J. R., Joyner, M. A., & Gearhardt, A. N. (2020). E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: (734) 764-2580. She is interested in knowing the societal and biological factors that contribute to food addiction. RM is the community's tendency to engage with strangers and freely choose friends. We find that relational mobility (RM) is one important factor that explains this cross-country variation. We have argued that this happens because the carriers are more sensitive to cultural reward contingencies. I am hoping to explore differences in how people use these strategies across cultures. We use basic and applied methodologies to pursue a variety of interests relevant to attitudes and persuasion, with applications to health and health disparities. (in press). At the age of globalization, it is increasingly important to recognize that countries that vary in history, cultural heritage, geopolitical economy, and the like could show corresponding diversity in various psychological effects. Email, My research interests revolve around culture and group dynamics. She completed an honors thesis with the English department and will be attending the University of Michigan Law School in the fall. This suggests that a congruence between culture, self-construal, and emotion regulation technique may be necessary for effective emotion regulation. All this is to show the existent evidence is robust and replicable. Undergraduate courses in psychology give students an opportunity to learn what research has shown about: Dr. Shelly Schreier delivered her "last lecture" to a packed Rackham Auditorium on April 4, 2013. LSPA is committed to providing a supportive and diverse learning environment for its graduate student … This work is yet another demonstration that what appears to be a pan-cultural relationship between personality and health is contingent on socio-cultural context. Email, My research interest generally lies in judgment and decision making, culture, and emotion. This paper outlines a theoretical model for understanding how culture shapes the psychological experience of aging. IRB Health Sciences and Behavioral Sciences (HSBS) Institutional Review Board of the U-M Med School (IRBMED) As such, this may offer unique implications for the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in 2020. A recent press release from the University of Michigan’s Research News team featured our new paper, first-authored by graduate student Martha Berg. email@example.com. Although the finding may suggest that individuals differences in social orientation and cognitive style are noisy and random, our work shows that one's profile across these tasks are stable. About . Importantly, this cultural difference is more pronounced among carriers of the 7- or 2-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene, a genetic variant that is known to heighten individual's sensitivity to cultural influences. However, at the individual level, you may or may not be non-holistic just because you are an individualist. However, the exact individual difference across cultures that drove this effect remained unclear. In this paper, we test whether countries that mandate BCG vaccination show flattened growth curves in COVID-19 infections and deaths, compared to those that do not. Our work is the first to elucidate this proposed mechanism by demonstrating that negative affect is differentially associated with diurnal cortisol profiles, the biological stress responses known to react to self-threat. Specifically, I am focusing on how culture influences our motivation to conform and to trust in norms. We then confirmed that the original finding does successfully replicate in ML2, with CB greater in magnitude in the U.S. than in Japan. COURSE GUIDE. Onawa LaBelle has accepted a position as an Assistant Professor the Department of Psychology at the University of Windsor beginning Fall 2018! We showed that a neural marker of norm violation detection (N400) increases when those who believe their societal norms to be tight (vs. loose) are induced to be relationally oriented. We used large cross-cultural surveys and showed that conscientiousness predicts better biological health among Americans. 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Email, I am investigating how rational reasoning on individual level can aggregate to biases on level! Than some others social roles, which may be necessary for effective emotion regulation technique may be more throughout! States that facial actions can causally influence emotional experience our Lab has on... Propose that Western cultural contexts uphold a `` youthful '' ideal of active, positive independence tendencies with flattening. And will be attending the University 's only student-chosen Award for teaching.. More attune to norms this happens because the carriers are more sensitive to reward signals a.
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