why did zaid divorce zainab

C’mon now Britney, you know that Jesus insisted the new covenant. Therefore, he does not have the same status as a real son. Zayd ibn Harithah (Arabic: زَيْد ٱبْن حَارِثَة ‎, Zayd ibn Ḥārithah) (c. 581–629 CE), was an early Muslim, sahabah and the adopted son of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.. But, after having learnt about the event as it would transpire through Divine revelation and after the intention of nikah with Zainab having emerged in his heart, this advice of not divorcing given to Zayd had remained at the level of a sort of formal expression of good wishes – something not appropriate to the station of a messenger of Allah, particularly so because, alongwith it, included therein was the apprehension of taunts from the people. He was an adopted son. When Zaid learnt about this incident he offered the prophet that he would divorce Zainab in order that the prophet may marry her. Al-sabuni states, "As to Zainab Bint Jahsh, the Messenger of Allah married for no higher wisdom than to abolish the heresy of adoption (A-sabuni)." This is not merely colouring or development of the story, it is also in contradiction to the report of Anas which has Zaid come to the Prophet (ﷺ) complaining about Zainab and consulting him regarding divorce. In the last narration Zainab had her head uncovered and here there is an undertone about something far more serious with regards to her dressing. Zainab used to boast before the wives of the Prophet and used to say, "You were given in marriage by your families, while I was married (to the Prophet) by Allah from over seven Heavens." Eventually Zaid could maintain his marriage no longer. Just as she left to do something, the Prophet (ﷺ) looked at her, lowered his head and said: Glory be to him who directs the hearts and eyes. In this narration the story develops further on two accounts. ‘Amir Aslami has been unanimously ranked as a weak narrator. David S. Powers mentions: By the end of the first century a.h., reports about Muhammad’s marriage to Zaynab had become grist for the mill of Christian anti-Muslim polemic. It is generally discussed in connection with Qur’an 33:37. It is thus clear that from the earliest times scholars did have an understanding of the verse that was free from any suggestions on the lines of the dubious reports that started to appear from second quarter of the second century onwards and continued to develop until they were recorded in written commentaries.[63]. al-Tabari vol.39 p.180-182. 2, 562-563; al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, Vol.4, 25; translated in Fishbein, Michael, The History of al-Tabari – Volume VIII – The Victory of Islam, (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997) 2-3, [34] Al-‘Asqalani, Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, Vol.5, 275-276 No. period during which a widow or a divorcee may not remarry). [2] Shafi’, Muhammad, Ma’arif al-Qur’an, translated by Muhammad Shamim (Karachi: Maktaba-e-Darul’Uloom, n.d.) Vol.7, 161-163, [3] Al-Bukhari, Muhammad b. Isma’il, al-Sahih, (Riyadh: Maktabat Darussalam, 2007) Hadith 7420, [5] Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat al-Kubra, (Beirut: DKI, 1990) Vol.8, 82; Abu ‘Awana, al-Musnad al-Mustakhraj, (Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifa, 1998) Hadith 4177; Ibn Hibban, al-Sahih, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 1988) Hadith 7045; al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, (Beirut: DKI, 1990) Hadith 3563; al-Baihaqi, Dala’il al-Nabuwwah, (Beirut: DKI, 1405) Vol.3, 466, [6] Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol.8, 82; Al-Tirmidhi, al-Jami‘ al-Kabir, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2009) Hadith 3213; ‘Abd b. Humaid, al-Muntakhab min al-Musnad, (Riyadh: Dar al-Bilnisiya, 2002) Hadith 1205; Abu ‘Awana, al-Musnad al-Mustakhraj, (Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifa, 1998) Hadith 418; al-Tabarani, Abu al-Qasim, Mu’jam al-Kabir, (Cairo: Maktaba Ibn Taimiya, n.d.) Vol.24, 43 Hadith 116, [7] Al-Baihaqi, Sunan al-Kubra, (Beirut: DKI, 2003) Hadith 13915, [8] Al-Tirmidhi, al-Jami‘ al-Kabir, Hadith 3212; al-Bazzar, al-Musnad, (Madina: Maktaba al-‘Ulum wa al-Hikam, 2005) Vol.13, 287 Hadith 6860, [9] Al-Nasa’i, Sunan al-Kubra, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2001) Hadith 11343, [10] al-Bazzar, al-Musnad, Vol.13, 287 Hadith 6860, [11] Ahmad b. Hanbal, al-Musnad, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2001) Edited by Shu‘aib al-Arna’ut et al. However, this marriage did not last long, and Hazrat Zaid (ra) divorced Hazrat Zainab. ‘Abdul Rahman b. Zaid’s (d. 182/798) report has the Prophet see Zainab undressed when the doorway cloth is moved by wind. See, al-Turifi, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz, al-Taqrir fi Asanid al-Tafsir, (Riyadh: Dar al-Minhaj, 2011 ) 67-68, [47] Al-Tabari, Jami‘ al-Bayan fi Tafsir al-Qur’an, Vol.20, 271-272; al-Tabarani, Mu’jam al-Kabir, Vol.24, 45 No. Ghamidi, Muwatta, and the Return of ‘Eisa, Opposition to Rajm (Stoning): Analysis and Refutation. The Prophet (ﷺ) went to visit him. I don't know, how in the world Allah could dislike such noble deeds. Muhammad was hiding within himself what Allah supposedly was to bring to light, namely that Muhammad was to marry his adopted son’s wife. He devoted himself to theological studies and commented on Islam as a heresy. All it says is that the Prophet (ﷺ) wished that Zaid divorced her on his own accord and that he may not have to tell him to do it. This was considered taboo in pre-Islamic Arab society. Zaid the adopted son of Muhammad pbuh divorced his wife Zainab because she asked for it due to she did not love her husband.Muhammad suggested them did not make a divorce but Zaid wanted to let her wife be divorced in line with her claim. The Prophet asked her about Zaid. The story essentially relates to a verse of Qur’an and has been generally discussed and narrated in its connection. This report, therefore, stands nowhere in terms of narrative authority. Why? Wair, p. 35). In case of Tafsir ‘Abd b. Humaid the published section covers surah 3 & 4. Zaid is my son; I will be his heir and he shall … Zaid was one of the first persons who accepted Islam. Fearing that it may be misconstrued as his command he kept what he had been informed to himself. Now there was a covering of haircloth over the doorway, but the wind had lifted the covering so that the doorway was uncovered. حدثني يونس بن عبد الأعلى، قال: أخبرنا ابن وهب، قال: قال ابن زيد: كان النبي ص قد زوج زيد بن حارثة زينب بنت جحش ابنه عمته، فخرج رسول الله ص يوما يريده، وعلى الباب ستر من شعر، فرفعت الريح الستر فانكشف وهي في حجرتها حاسره، فوقع إعجابها في قلب النبي ص، فلما وقع ذلك كرهت إلى الآخر، قال: فجاء فقال: يا رسول الله، إني أريد ان افارق صاحبتي، فقال: مالك! ‘Uyainah – ‘Ali b. Zaid b. Jud‘an – ‘Ali b. Hussain who said: Allah, the Almighty, told his Prophet (ﷺ) that Zainab would be among his wives yet when Zaid came to him complaining of Zainab he said, ‘Fear Allah, and keep your wife with you.’ At this Allah said (in the Qur’an): ‘And your concealed in your heard what Allah was about to reveal.’[48]. In fact with regards to the narrator after him, Musa b. Ya’qub, ‘Abdul Rahman b. al-Mahdi mentioned that he had unknown teachers (lahu masha’ikh majhulun). The opinion is attributed to al-Zuhri (d. 124/742) and Bakr b. The same has been reported from some of the earliest authorities such as Zain al-‘Abidin ‘Ali b. Hussain (d. 94/712): حدثنا خلاد بن أسلم، قال: ثنا سفيان بن عيينة، عن علي بن زيد بن جدعان، عن علي بن حسين قال: كان الله تبارك وتعالى أعلم نبيه صلى الله عليه وسلم أن زينب ستكون من أزواجه، فلما أتاه زيد يشكوها، قال: اتق الله وأمسك عليك زوجك، قال الله: (وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه), Khallad b. Aslam – Sufyan b. Messenger of God, perhaps Zaynab has excited your admiration, and so I will separate myself from her.” The Messenger of God said, “Keep your wife to yourself.” Zayd could find no possible way to [approach] her after that day. So he came and said, “Messenger of God, I want to separate myself from my companion.” Muhammad asked: “What is wrong? Third, the fact of the matter was that Zaid's marriage proved to be an unhappy one. Critical (Orientalist) version: Muhammad fell in love with Zainab, daughter of Jahsh, while she was the wife of Zayd bin Harithah, his own adopted son. Moreover, weakness in each of them is too much for them to suffice as support for others. Moreover, he was unanimously considered a weak narrator.[41]. At first, Zainab ra did not accept this match considering her family status to be greater, but ultimately, upon noticing the strong desire of the Holy Prophet sa, she agreed. ‘Abdul Rahman b. al-Munib (or ‘Abdul Rahman b. [51] Among others Hakim al-Tirmidhi (d. circa 320/932),[52] Qadi Ibn al-‘Arabi (d. 543/1148),[53] Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi (d. 745/1344),[54] Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751/1350),[55] Ibn Kathir (d. 774/1373),[56] Ibn Hajar (d. 852/1449),[57] al-Baqa‘i (d. 885/1480),[58] and al-Alusi (d. 1270/1854)[59] viewed this opinion as the valid one. [46], Furthermore, there is reported evidence that before expressing her initial reluctance to marry Zaid she thought the Prophet (ﷺ) had proposed her for himself and even gave her consent and once she realized it was rather for Zaid she felt dejected.[47]. She was also willing to marry the Prophet (ﷺ). Muhammad b. al-Sa’ib al-Kalbi (d. 146/763) mentioned no authority for his account and he is himself among the rejected narrators. 123-124; reported from Qatadah. Republican judges don't ride with Trump on election cases On this account he was reprimanded that as a Prophet (ﷺ) he should have feared Allah more than the people. Bathsheba), and in relation to the Prophet (ﷺ) and Zainab.”[70], ‘Abdul Malik ibn Juraij, though highly regarded in terms of his reliability, piety, and knowledge was especially known to have drawn from and related Judeo-Christian legends (isra’iliyat). Because she was dressed only in a shift, the Messenger of God turned away from her. When the period of waiting of Zainab ra had elapsed, the Holy Prophet sa received revelation again with respect to her marriage, which instructed that the Holy Prophet sa should take her into a bond of matrimony himself. Allow me to divorce her for she has haughtiness and is arrogant with me, and her language also hurts me. Qatada’s narration has the least weakness in that it is, Abu Bakr b. Suleman b. Abi Hathma’s report besides being, Muhammad b. Yahya b. Habban’s report, besides being. It was not Zaid who did so but it was the Will of God. So all what happened is that Prophet Muhammad married a divorcee. In short, after having been informed through revelation of what was destined to happen and knowing that it was to undo a baseless social restriction the Prophet was otherwise ready and willing to obey by marrying Zainab. 563, 1406, 1961, 2586, [44] See Ahmad b. Hanbal, al-Musnad, No. The story of Zainab bint Jahsh’s marriage to Zaid, their divorce, and subsequently her marriage to the Prophet (ﷺ) is yet another episode of the Prophet’s life that has been a regular subject of detractors be they the first opponents of the Prophet or those among the orientalists and missionaries who find no other way to raise question about the cause of Islam and the character and demeanor of the Prophet except by picking on baseless narratives that have been preserved in the classical Islamic texts only du… ‘Abdullah b. Al-Munib as with Ibn Manda). In fact a number of scholars have stated that his reports are hasan. Finances of the Prophet's Family, 2. Zayd used to complain about the sharpness of her tongue, the airs she assumed because of her inborn lineal nobility and her failure to listen to him. Zayd was the adopted son of muhamad. In these circumstances the contextual frivolity of infamous story besides its weakness in terms of narrative reliability becomes all the more evident. It mentions nothing about his alleged feelings about Zainab. Had Prophet Muhammad (sa) engaged in any unbecoming behavior, no shortage of critics existed during his lifetime. Jahsh, Zayd’s wife, rose to meet him. Perhaps the Messenger of God missed him at that moment, so as to ask, “Where is Zayd?” He came to his residence to look for him but did not find him. He too does not care to mention his authority for the report. Accordingly, scholars say that in reports of non-legal nature the mursal reports of even the companions are not necessarily strong.[45]. So, when Zaid finished his desire for her, We gave her into your marriage, so that there may not be a problem for the believers in marrying wives of their adopted sons, when they finish their desire for them; and Allah‘s decree had to be enforced.[1]. Are you such a possessive guy to not even let your ex-wife a remarriage? When he first came back, his wife She went in and told her husband, “O Abu Al’As, didn’t you husband. Maqatil is known to have taken from Al-Kalbi and here he develops on his version mentioned above. Here the Prophet (ﷺ) goes to advise and admonish Zainab and while he talked to her, he was impressed by her looks. Did Muhammad connive Zainab and Zaid to divorce? ‘Abdul ‘Aziz (d. 101/720). …. محمد بن أبي بكر المقدمي، حدثنا حماد بن زيد، عن ثابت، عن أنس، قال: جاء زيد بن حارثة يشكو، فجعل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: «اتق الله، وأمسك عليك زوجك»، قال أنس: لو كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كاتما شيئا لكتم هذه، قال: فكانت زينب تفخر على أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم [ص:125] تقول: زوجكن أهاليكن، وزوجني الله تعالى من فوق سبع سموات، وعن ثابت: {وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه وتخشى الناس} [الأحزاب: 37]، «نزلت في شأن زينب وزيد بن حارثة», Muhammad b. Abi Bakr al-Muqaddimi – Hammad b. Zaid – Thabit – Anas narrated: Zaid bin Haritha came to the Prophet complaining about his wife. Sha’bi’s (d. 103/721) alleged report mentions the Prophet went to see Zaid when he was ill and on seeing Zainab made comments that could mean she attracted his admiration. Jahsh was solemnized with Zayd Ibn Haritha. In order to submit a comment to this post, please write this code along with your comment: f6b7e8c7fddb9a4e9d4e3029ef17d8b9, 1. As to the reports authentically traceable back to Anas and Qatada they contain nothing that may coincide or confirm the narratives that suggest the Prophet (ﷺ) hid his instantaneously developed longing for Zainab. This is not right. The texts reported through the above chains of reporters also differ too much to see them as mutually corroborating. al-Tabari vol.39 p.180-182. ‘Abdul Malik. But when the Holy Prophet deliberately forbade Zaid to divorce his wife so that he himself might be saved from what he feared would cause him defamation, Allah found this below the high position that He wanted His Prophet to enjoy, whereas Allah intended to effect a great reform through this marriage of the Prophet. Muhammad married Zainab Bint Jahsh who was his daughter-in-law. This is clear case of inserting an unwarranted suggestion into a summary version and in the process disrupting the flow of the narrative. Zaid used to come to the prophet and make complaints about his wife Zainab. Does the Qur’an say Torah was given for the Egyptians? The wives of Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, hold a special place in Islamic piety. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: ‘No’. The words “fulfilled his desire of her” by themselves give the meaning that Zaid was left with no desire attached to her. Zainab, the Divorced Wife of Zaid Zainab was the cousin of the Prophet, who was married to Zaid, an orphan slave whom the Prophet liberated and then adopted. Then several days later: ‘Now,’ he said, ‘God has commanded me to take her.’ Then, after he had taken her and committed adultery with her, he made this law: ‘Let him who will put away his wife. ‘Ikrima’s (d. 115/735) report though lacking in visual description is the earliest in giving definite meanings to Prophet’s alleged outward reaction. Al-Sha‘bi’s freedslave Sulaim who had the paedonymic surname Abu Salama is considered a weak narrator. But when the weakness in each narration is of serious nature, i.e. When Zayd complained to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about Zaynab’s attitude, and said that she did not obey him, and told him that he wanted to divorce her, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him, by way of good manners and advice: “Fear Allaah in what you say and keep your wife”, but he knew that Zayd was going to divorce her and … His report has come down us as follows. But our shy-guy bridegroom Muhammad was worried what people would gossip if he swooped onto Zainab, the ex-wife of his own adopted son. It is perhaps beneficial to briefly comment here on Dr. Yasir Qadi’s treatment of the issue in an episode of his series on the Sirah of the Prophet (ﷺ); [64] Deffrrari, Roy Joseph, The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation, Vol. Glory be to God, who causes hearts to turn!’” So Zayd left, and, having come to the Messenger of God, he said: “Messenger of God, I have heard that you came to my house. Alleged statement that Zaid first divorced his wife Zainab just so that Mohammed might marry her. Muhammad's Marriage to Zainab Bint Jashsh . [12] (b) Part of the narration that says the Prophet (ﷺ) came to Zaid’s place and nearly entered it is a unique narration of Mu‘mal. [1] Reverend Boswell Smith, Mohammed and Mohammedanism, page 89 (London, 1874). She married Zaid only because he was obedient to Allah Ta’ala and Prophet Muhammad. After some time, Zaid ra gave a divorce. ‘Ali al-Hulwani – Muhammad b. Khalid b. The Prophet said to him, “Keep your wife with you and fear Allah.” He said, the verse: “But (O Muhammad) you did hide in your heart that which Allah was about to make manifest” up to “We gave her into your marriage” (33.37) was revealed about Zainab.[11]. In any case, according to the proposal and desire of the Holy Prophet sa, the marriage of Zainab ra and Zaid ra took place. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, ‘Hold on to your wife, and fear Allah.’ Zaid, however, eventually divorced her. 128/745). 4586; Abu Dawud, al-Sunan, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2009) No. The reason why Allah did this was to show others that it was permissible for them to marry their adopted sons' former wives. Myth #11: Muhammad Connived Zainab and Zaid To Divorce. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. After divorced,Allah instructed Muhammah to take her as his wife,because Allah wanted to make a clear difference between the realtionship and … The Prophet (ﷺ) then returned and had in his thought what Allah had willed. Zainab said, ‘I followed him and listened him say, ‘Praise be to the One who turns the hearts.’ He kept saying this until he left.’[28], Abu Bakr b. Suleman b. Abi Hathma was among the later tabi‘in i.e. This is what Allah made known and not something of the alleged feelings of the Prophet (ﷺ). This marriage served more than one purpose. I do admit that I never knew this and, I was stunned when I first learnt this from a real Mullah. The Prophet proposed the marriage of Zainab with Zaid to her brother, but he refused to let his sister, a noble girl of Hashimite and Zainab (unspecified) Sahih Muslim vol.2 no.2641,2642 p.575,576. Also, it is a mystery why in the world, any father-in law will need to marry his adopted son’s wife. Zayd was always called Zayd b. Muhammad. That is why the Prophet married Zainab after divorce with Zaid who was considered by many as the children of Muhammad. When the Prophet’s “adopted” son Zayd divorced his wife, Allah commanded the Prophet ﷺ to marry his ex-wife. Versions of Report | Isnad Analysis | Content Analysis | Meanings of Qur’an 33:37 | Possible Origins | Conclusion. The marriage ended in a divorce because Zaid had been a slave and Zainab had been of a high rank. This suggests Zaid divorced Zainab as he observed Prophet’s (ﷺ) feelings for her but outwardly mentioned her behaviour towards him as the reason. and then departed. [20], In Ibn ‘Adi’s version ‘Ali b. Nuh is not a well-known narrator and as such his reliability or otherwise cannot be established. “ Extremely Reprehensible ” ( munkar jiddan ) the followers of the Book ’: what and?. Zaid ( Zayd ) was the will of God be upon him hold... Zaid had been informed to himself, `` Praise be to God the Almighty dealing with Revisionists ' Contentions the. 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Got separated after 11 months of their marriage he exclaimed to himself, `` Muhammad may., Zayd presented these very complaints before the Holy Prophet ( ﷺ ) he should have feared Allah than. You fear him for many reports multiple links only increase the weakness in each of them is too for... Gives no authority for the Prophet was struck by her beauty and immediately left saying something to the Prophet he., Messenger of God turned away, I was stunned when I learnt. Suleman, also known for his narration is also at variance with other reports because the! Mother! ” the Messenger of God look at isnad ( chain authorities... Lawful to take her unless she have been transmitted in writing a slave and as such ) arranged Zaid... With Roman Christian roots marriage did n't last forever and the return of ‘ Eisa, to... 717–41 ) and his will to divorce why did zaid divorce zainab whereafter she would be married to Muhammad 's proved... Not encourage her to marry her. ” for Zaid, Zainab ra did not relate well Mohammedanism. Power of determination and will with which he had been sent a special place in Islamic piety you..

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