washingtonia filifera hardiness

USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Fig. W. filifera typically lives from 80 to 250 years or more. Even though our landscape is dotted with a diverse range of palms , only one species, the California Fan Palm ( Washingtonia filifera) is native to California. Eventually, a continued infestation of beetles can kill various genera and species of palms. Watch out for Specific pests. The stems were used to make cooking utensils. Hardiness zone 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. It can survive brief temperatures of −10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf damage, brief periods as low as −12 °C (10 °F). Grey-green in All seasons. Filibusta. Habit. Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl. You can be one of the first to grow this one and give us some help with the description. Washingtonia filibusta Oregon High Desert (W. filifera x W. robusta) Oregon Hardy Fan Palm One of a kind EXCLUSIVE seeds sourced directly from our high desert fan palms growing in central Oregon! Thus, this palm is restricted by both water and climate to widely separated relict groves. Only plants will be removed from the collection. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Without doubt, WASHINGTONIA ROBUSTA is our NUMBER ONE, bestselling palm.When there is a lot of planting to be done, such as in new developments and estates, Washingtonias are often top of landscapers’ lists.WASHINGTONIA ROBUSTA ARE:*VERY AFFORDABLE, at only 110 euros per clear metre of trunk. Le stipe de ce palmier est massif , de couleur grise et orné de fissures verticales. Numerous insect species visit the hanging inflorescences that appear in late spring.[16]. The Washingtonia genus consists of two species; the Robusta and the Filifera. Kearney, Thomas and Robert Hibbs Peebles (1960). They are listed for growing in zones as low as 7b or 8a which would mean they are hardy to around 10 degrees, however they can survive much colder temperatures as long as it is not every year. Native to:Californian, Arizona, Nevada, Baja California in Mexico. Special note: Click to link to an amazing article with valuable historical significane about Washingtonia filifera from the journal Principes that was written by the late Dr. Vic Miller, a true gentlemen and founding member of the horticulture faculty at Arizona State University. A cross between two species of palms, Washingtonia filifera and Washingtonia robusta, the “filibusta” is thought by many in the landscape industry to be a superior hybrid. Join the RHS. Washingtonia filifera Californian Fan Palm, Desert Fan. Fan palm oases have historically been subject to both natural and manmade fires. Habit: Solitary. Type: Broadleaf . The Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, and Anza-Borrego Desert State Park both have large and diverse W. filifera canyon oasis habitats. Description du palmier de Californie. How to grow Washingtonia filifera. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Washingtonia filifera (California fan palm) and W. robusta (Mexican fan palm) have long been cultivated and are especially common landscape subjects in California, western Arizona, and southern Nevada as well as other regions with a suitable climate. RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit) Flower. Desert Fan Palm . Ornamental Characteristics: Washingtonia leaves have a petiole and palmmate fan leaflets up to 3 feet long. Fires are rarely fatal for the fan palm, but it is also not completely immune to them. Cette espèce est un hybride, ou croisement, entre le robusta et le filifera. It can survive brief temperatures of −10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf damage, brief periods as low as −12 °C (10 °F). The plants grow best in Mediterranean climates, but can be found in humid subtropical climates such as eastern Australia and the southeastern USA. Fires can also help palms conserve water by burning away their crowns and parts of their trunks, leading to a reduction in surface area and therefore decreased rates of evaporation and transpiration.[18]. Palm Shape. It's a matter of luck growing Washingtonia filifera (California Fan Palm) in the South East of the U.S. both in the ground and in pots. Keep an eye out for red spider mites and scale insects. Washingtonia robusta. This palm tree is sometimes called "Petticoat Palm" in reference to the shaggy mass of dead leaves hanging against the trunk and forming a dense skirt. The palms' reproduction process benefits from burnings, as fires help release saplings and clear away overgrowth from surrounding vegetation. Pan Pacific Entomologist 62(3):224-225. In the central Coachella Valley, the Indio Hills Palms State Reserve and nearby Coachella Valley Preserve, other large oases are protected and accessible. W. filifera is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). Les feuilles mesurent jusqu'à 1,80 mètre de longueur. Greatly appreciates rich, fertile soils but can tolerate worse and even withstand periods of drought. The mother plant determines the type of hybrid. Washingtonia filifera were longer (5.8 vs. 4 m) but had fewer branches (3 or 4 vs. 7) and panicles (27 vs. 56) than those of W. robusta (Figs. The palm boring beetle Dinapate wrightii (Bostrichidae) can chew through the trunks of this and other palms. Pronounciation: Wash-ing-TOE-nee-a fil-i-FER-a. Propagation: Propagate by seeds, which will germinate within 2 months. Shippable Sizes. Washingtonia filifera Identification Sheet Origin SW USA, Baja California Genus Washingtonia Species / Cultivar filifera Common name(s) Desert Fan palm, Cotton Palm Synonym Situation Full sun, well-drained soil Eventual height 10m if you are lucky Eventual spread 2.5m Hardiness-5C Skill level Easy . This palm has been in the ground 2 winters now with only minor damage. A palm of great ornamental value and an extraordinary accent plant. Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl. The trunk is gray and tan, and the leaves are gray green. It reproduces easily by seed, which are germinating in about thirty days. The sweet fruit pulp of the fan palm is edible. [24] The fruit was eaten raw, cooked, or ground into flour for cakes by Native Americans. Washingtonia filifera differs from W. robusta by width of trunk, erectness of fronds, presence of strings on frond margins, gray-green color, and cold hardiness. Flower Color is Brown/Tan and blooms in . robusta Parish Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Has Evergreen foliage. Washingtonia filifera is: Evergreen. Here are some key features of the Washingtonia Robusta vs Filifera. Receive New Plant Releases & Stock Updates. These are large, fast growing palmate palms with huge light green fan fronds. Pests & Disease Information. Pétioles à fines épines. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Ga… They are very easy to grow, cold hardy to zone 8+ and can adapt to many soil conditions. [12] It is also found near watercourses in the Sonoran Desert along the Gila River in Yuma,[13] along the Hassayampa River and near New River in Maricopa County, and in portions of Pima County, Pinal County, Mohave County (along the Colorado River), and several other isolated locations in Clark County, Nevada. Now that you understand the differences and similarities of the Washingtonia filifera vs the Washingtonia Robusta, get it from Palmco. Washingtonia Robusta The Washingtonia Robusta on the other hand is known as the Mexican Fan Palm. This plant is a member of the same genus as the California fan palm, Washingtonia filifera. ex de Bary, Bot. Les deux espèces peuvent porter les graines, c’est la femelle qui déterminera hybridation final. GENERAL CARE. Susceptible to Armillaria. Washingtonia filifera. You can be one of the first to grow this one and give us some help with the description. Other common names include California fan palm and petticoat palm. A Washingtonia filifera in Capital Park is registered as a California Big Tree. Accept The palm's fronds are the most flammable portion of the tree. Both species are able to produce prodigious amounts of fruits annually per palm. Genus Washingtonia are large evergreen palms with stout solitary trunks bearing long-stalked, rounded leaves palmately divided into linear segments, and large, arching panicles of flowers, followed by small, berry-like black fruits Details W. filifera is a medium to large palm, with a robust trunk. A severe accumulation of them could constitute enough kindling to completely burn through the trunk, killing the tree. Washingtonia filifera est un grand palmier au tronc (stipe) unique élancé qui atteint une vingtaine de mètres à l’âge adulte. Here in zone 8b we have several in the ground and quite frankly don’t know what to expect. Foliage. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Plant Profile for Washingtonia filifera (California fan palm)", "Washingtonia filifera (Rafarin) H.Wendl. Latin Name: Washingtonia Filifera.. Common Name: Cotton Palm,Northern Washington Palm,Californian Fan Palm, Dessert Fan Palm, Petticoat Palm.. How to care. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, A Sparkling Mediterranean Garden with Aloe, Agave and Palms, Want Garden Inspiration? Robusta. Washington palm is hardy down to about 20º F. but foliage will be damaged at that temperature. Cornett, J. W. 2010. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Tree Characteristics. Parent trees had seed sourced from Albuquerque, NM (Zone 6b) genetically cold hardy before growing A few winters ago we had -5 degrees and although the palm leaves had some frost damage the trees quickly produced fresh new leaves in the spring. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. It is easy to transplant, fast growing and cold hardy. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Pronunciation: wosh-ing-to-NEE-a fi-LIF-er-a. Easy to grow and exotic-looking, Washingtonia filifera is quite cold-hardy and can survive short periods at 23ºF (-5ºC). Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Note this is the default cart. Compared with W. filifera, W. robusta is usually taller but with a less massive trunk. Underplant... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Width: 10 - 20 feet. They reportedly suffer and often die from root rot when irrigated. Zeitung (Berlin) 37: LXI (1879)", "Desert Fan Palms-Evidence suggests "Relict Genus, "Vegetation of California Fan Palm Oases on the San Andreas Fault", "global warming & W.filifera Palms-a rebuttal", "Washingtonia filifera: Nevada's rejected ancient Palm", "A report regarding: The Palm - Washingtonia filifera - in Moapa NV", "California Fan Palm, Washingtonia filifera", Interactive Distribution Map for Washingtonia filifera, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washingtonia_filifera&oldid=994124889, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2014, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Cream, White in Summer. These palm trees grow up to 100 feet tall and have lifespans of up to 100 years. Special note: Click to link to an amazing article with valuable historical significane about Washingtonia filifera from the journal Principes that was written by the late Dr. Vic Miller, a true gentlemen and founding member of the horticulture faculty at Arizona State University. W. filifera is the only palm native to the Western United States and one of the country's largest native palms,[8][9] exceeded in height only by the Cuban or Florida royal palm. The unchecked buildup of dead fronds as a 'skirt' around the trunk can be especially dangerous in a crown fire. Select Washingtonia robusta in an irrigated landscape and for the eastern U.S. Propagation is by seed. Cold does not bother them even if it is 20F and small 2 ft. plants survive outside all winter as long as temps do not go below 20F but too much rain will eventually kill most of them. 250 years or more after those layers are ignited and burnt off, the California fan palm is also as. 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